United States — Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products


連結到WTO原始網頁
摘要: 瑞士於2018年7月9日透過WTO爭端解決程序,針對美國對特定進口鋼鋁實施額外關稅與進口配額之措施,以及給予特定國家豁免之措施請求進行諮商。瑞士指出,美國自2018年3月23日起除了加拿大、墨西、澳洲、阿根廷、韓國、巴西與歐盟等會員外,對所有進口鋼鋁課徵額外關稅並實施進口配額措施,而對瑞士出口至美國之鋼鋁產品造成不利影響。基此,瑞士認為美國對瑞士鋼鋁採取之額外關稅與配額限制,違反以下WTO相關規定: (1) 1994年GATT第1.1、2.1(a)(b)、10.3(a)、11.1及19.1(a)條; (2) 防衛協定第2.1、2.2、3.1、4.1、4.2、5.1、7、11.1(a)、12.1、12.2及12.3條。 另一方面,瑞士認為美國主管機關對於1962年貿易擴張法第232條款之解釋,違反美國於WTO協定下之權利與義務,特別是前揭1994年GATT及防衛協定之規定,以及WTO協定第16.4條。至於美國採取之232條款措施,則對瑞士於WTO涵蓋協定下之利益造成剝奪與減損。此外,瑞士主張,美國採取違反WTO義務之措施對瑞士於1994年GATT下之利益造成剝奪與減損,符合1994年GATT第23.1(b)條之情形。 瑞士將保留在諮商及未來小組程序中,就上述事項,依據涵蓋協定下之其他規定提起額外事實及法律請求之權利。瑞士並期待收到美國對諮商請求之回應,及確定雙方同意之諮商日期。
原告: Switzerland【瑞士】
被告: United States【美國】
第三國: Bahrain【巴林】, Brazil【巴西】, Canada【加拿大】, China【中國大陸】, Colombia【哥倫比亞】, Egypt【埃及】, European Union【歐盟】, Hong Kong【香港】, India【印度】, Indonesia【印尼】, Japan【日本】, Kazakhstan【哈薩克】, Malaysia【馬來西亞】, Mexico【墨西哥】, New Zealand【紐西蘭】, Norway【挪威】, Qatar【卡達】, Russian Federation【俄羅斯】, Saudi Arabia【沙烏地阿拉伯】, Singapore【新加坡】, South Africa【南非】, Thailand【泰國】, Taiwan【台灣】, Turkey【土耳其】, Ukraine【烏克蘭】, United Arab Emirates【阿拉伯聯合大公國】, Venezuela【委內瑞拉】
所涉協定: GATT, Safeguards
重要時程:
階段時程日期
Request Date2018/07/09
文件清單:
標題通知日期文件編號詳細內容
1 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the Panel
2019/09/10WT/DS556/17 詳細內容
2 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Constitution of the panel established at the request of Switzerland - Note by the Secretariat - Revision
2019/05/02WT/DS556/16/Rev.1 詳細內容
3 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Constitution of the panel established ad the request of Switzerland - Note by the Secretariat
2019/01/28WT/DS556/16 詳細內容
4 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request for the establishment of a panel by Switzerland
2018/11/09WT/DS556/15 詳細內容
5 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/08/31WT/DS556/14 詳細內容
6 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/08/31WT/DS556/13 詳細內容
7 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/08/31WT/DS556/12 詳細內容
8 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/08/31WT/DS556/11 詳細內容
9 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/08/31WT/DS556/10 詳細內容
10 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/08/31WT/DS556/9 詳細內容
11 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from the European Union
2018/07/25WT/DS556/8 詳細內容
12 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from the Russian Federation
2018/07/25WT/DS556/7 詳細內容
13 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from Mexico
2018/07/25WT/DS556/6 詳細內容
14 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from China
2018/07/25WT/DS556/5 詳細內容
15 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from China
2018/07/25WT/DS556/5 詳細內容
16 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/07/20WT/DS556/4 詳細內容
17 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from Canada
2018/07/20WT/DS556/3 詳細內容
18 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from Thailand
2018/07/19WT/DS556/2 詳細內容
19 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request for consultations by Switzerland
2018/07/12G/L/1251, G/SG/D59/1, WT/DS556/1 詳細內容