United States — Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products


連結到WTO原始網頁
摘要: 土耳其於2018年8月15日透過WTO爭端解決程序,針對美國對特定進口鋼鋁實施額外關稅與進口配額之措施,以及給予特定國家豁免之措施請求進行諮商。土耳其指出,美國陸續於3/8、3/23、4/30及5/31陸續發布總統公告,決定對來自阿根廷、澳洲、巴西、韓國出口之鋼鋁豁免額外關稅並實施數量配額限制,其他國家之鋼鋁則分別實施25%或10%的關稅。然而,美國進一步在8/10發布公告決定自8/13起對土耳其出口鋼鐵徵收50%的關稅,並表明未來考慮對鋁材加徵20%的關稅。基此,土耳其主張美國系爭措施構成1994年GATT第19條及防衛協定下之防衛措施,並違反下列WTO相關規定: (1)1994年GATT第1.1、2.1(a)(b)、10.3(a)、11.1、13.1、19.1(a)條; (2) 防衛協定第2.1、2.2、3.1、4.1、4.2、5.1、7、8.1、9.1、11.1(a)(b)、12.1、12.2及12.3條。 另ㄧ方面,土耳其認為美國系爭措施的適用結果,使土耳其於1994年GATT下之利益受到剝奪與減損,且使GATT之目的受阻,屬於1994年GATT第23.1(b)條和DSU第26.1條之情形。至於美國主管機關對於1962年貿易擴張法第232條款之解釋,違反前揭1994年GATT及防衛協定之規定,以及WTO協定第16.4條。 土耳其將保留在諮商程序中,就上述事項依據WTO涵蓋協定下之其他規定提起額外事實及法律請求之權利。土耳其並期待收到美國對諮商請求之回應,以便確定雙方同意之諮商日期。
原告: United States【美國】
被告: Turkey【土耳其】
第三國: Bahrain【巴林】, Brazil【巴西】, Canada【加拿大】, China【中國大陸】, Colombia【哥倫比亞】, Egypt【埃及】, European Union【歐盟】, Guatemala【瓜地馬拉】, Hong Kong【香港】, Iceland【冰島】, India【印度】, Indonesia【印尼】, Japan【日本】, Kazakhstan【哈薩克】, Malaysia【馬來西亞】, Mexico【墨西哥】, New Zealand【紐西蘭】, Norway【挪威】, Qatar【卡達】, Russian Federation【俄羅斯】, Saudi Arabia【沙烏地阿拉伯】, Singapore【新加坡】, Switzerland【瑞士】, Thailand【泰國】, Taiwan【台灣】, Ukraine【烏克蘭】, Venezuela【委內瑞拉】
所涉協定: GATT, Safeguards
重要時程:
階段時程日期
Request Date2018/08/15
文件清單:
標題通知日期文件編號詳細內容
1 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the Panel
2019/09/10WT/DS564/17 詳細內容
2 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Constitution of the panel established ad the request of Turkey - Note by the Secretariat
2019/01/28WT/DS564/16 詳細內容
3 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request for the establishment of a panel by Turkey
2018/10/19WT/DS564/15 詳細內容
4 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/10/15WT/DS564/14 詳細內容
5 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/10/15WT/DS564/13 詳細內容
6 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/10/15WT/DS564/12 詳細內容
7 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/10/15WT/DS564/11 詳細內容
8 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/10/15WT/DS564/10 詳細內容
9 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/10/15WT/DS564/10 詳細內容
10 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/10/15WT/DS564/9詳細內容
11 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from Mexico
2018/08/31WT/DS564/8 詳細內容
12 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from Canada
2018/08/31WT/DS564/7 詳細內容
13 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from China
2018/08/31WT/DS564/6 詳細內容
14 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from Thailand
2018/08/31WT/DS564/5 詳細內容
15 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from the Russian Federation
2018/08/30WT/DS564/4 詳細內容
16 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request to join consultations - Communication from the European Union
2018/08/29WT/DS564/3 詳細內容
17 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Communication from the United States
2018/08/28WT/DS564/2 詳細內容
18 United States - Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products - Request for consultations by Turkey
2018/08/20G/L/1259, G/SG/D61/1, WT/DS564/1 詳細內容